When the function of the veins to carry blood upwards towards the heart fails, the blood begins to pool in the veins in the legs, causing them to enlarge and become varicose. People most at risk of suffering from varicose veins are pregnant women, elderly people and those suffering from obesity. A visible sign of varicose veins is the bulging veins that have turned bluish purple in color. People suffering from Varicose veins also feel a heaviness in their legs, along with swelling and severe pains.
Varicose Veins, although appears to be relatively harmless, must not be left untreated as it may lead to severe repercussions in the worst-case scenario. As time goes by, and the veins are left untreated, some potentially life-threatening conditions begin to develop. Hyperpigmentation and Lipodermosclerosis are the first to strike. Hyperpigmentation is when an excess of blood flows into the tissues in the legs, the skin becomes dark, as the patient suffers from painful swelling and inflammation. This inflammation leads to the tissues becoming heavy and stiff, and curb movement in legs. This is known as Lipodermosclerosis.
Patients also risk dealing with conditions such as leg ulcers and spontaneous bleeding. Over time, if varicose veins remain untreated, the skin around the affected areas starts to breakdown to expose the flesh beneath, causing ulcers. They get bigger and bigger, causing extreme discomfort and irritation. As the skin continues to breakdown further and further, when it comes into even slight contact with external forces, it results in excessive blood loss.
The greatest risks of not getting varicose veins treated are the consequences of Superficial Thrombophlebitis and Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) where the inflammation of veins right beneath of surface of skin leads to the weakening of veins and decreased blood flow. The skin turns red, and causes intense pains. The greatest threat of untreated varicose veins is DVT. DVT leads to blood clots, and should these blood clots travel further up the body, the condition can be life-threatening.
Most of the time, damaged veins are extracted using treatments such as endovenous laser ablation, micro-phlebectomy, or sclerotherapy. These treatments are simple, highly effective, relatively painless and are performed over the course of a few short appointments.