Varicose veins is a condition developed because of a disease known as Venous Insufficiency. Valves in our body help carry blood to the heart, against gravity. Should this function fail, the blood flows downwards and accumulates in the veins. This results in increased pressure and causes the veins to bulge and become swollen. People most at risk of suffering from varicose veins are pregnant women, elderly people and those suffering from obesity. A visible sign of varicose veins is of the bulging veins that have turned bluish purple in color. People suffering from Varicose veins also feel a heaviness in their legs, along with swelling and severe pains.
The symptoms of varicose veins can be managed by following a few useful tips and making certain lifestyle modifications. Sitting posture matters a lot. While resting, it is advisable to maintain your legs in an elevated position as this relieves the excessive stress on the legs caused by the pooled-up blood. There are specially designed stockings meant for dealing with varicose veins. These compression stockings create gentle pressure in the legs to prevent blood from pooling and reduce swelling. Lasting, wearing comfortable clothes that are not tightly fitted from the waist down, and avoiding high heels are measures to prevent worsening of symptoms.
Lifestyle modifications that help in dealing with the symptoms of varicose veins largely involve weight management, a healthy diet, and exercise. Since people suffering from obesity are at risk of being affected by varicose veins, making the necessary lifestyle changes is very important.
In some cases, surgery for the treatment of varicose veins is unavoidable. Each patient must be evaluated and accordingly the most appropriate course of action must be taken. Some of the most commonly employed procedures are injection sclerotherapy, endoscopic or open surgery and laser ablation. Of these, laser ablation is the most tried and trusted method. It is largely favored by patients as it is a minimally invasive procedure, requires very little down time, and reduces the risk of recurrence. Laser ablation, also known as Endovenous Laser Therapy, is essentially a 30-45-minute treatment that closes down the varicose vein. With ultrasound guidance, a thin laser fiber is inserted into the varicose vein via a small nick in the skin. Laser energy is passed through to close the vein permanently. Then, the blood is rerouted to healthy veins.